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Connection Key



Scart   Scart

The Scart connection is found on most TV’s and Home Theatre components and is the most popular anduniversal of all connection types. The 21 pin Scart is a flexible solution which can carry Audio, Composite Video, S-Video and even RGB. It also allows the use of control commands for user menus within TV’s.



Toslink   Toslink

Used for Digital Audio transmissions. It utilises a light signal for audio transmission and it is therefore virtually impervious to noise. It is found on CD Players and DAC’s as well as many DVD players and Processors.

1 RCA Audio

1 RCA Audio   1 RCA Audio

Used for Digital Audio, Composite Video, Subwoofer and Centre channel signals. Digital Audio allows multiple channels to be transmitted through a single cable. Most critical listeners prefer a single RCA Digital coaxialcable to a Fibre Optic cable because of its ability to sound more natural. Composite Video, Subwoofer and Centre channel are conventional analogue signals and are transmitted through their own dedicated cable.

2 RCA Analogue

2 RCA Audio   2 RCA Analogue

Used almost always for the transmission of Stereo Audio signals. Colour coded Red for the Right Audio channel and White for the Left Audio channel. It is the most common type of cable and is supplied free withequipment by Hi Fi manufacturers. It is important to bear in mind that free interconnects do not allow the equipment they are supplied with to reach it’s performance potential.


1 RCA Composite Video

1 RCA Composite Video   1 RCA Composite Video

A video color format that combines all three YUV video signals into one channel. The first video signal to include color, composite video transmits brightness/luma (Y) and colors/chroma (U and V) over one cable. NTSC, PAL and SECAM television are composite video. Both S-video and component video provide a sharper image than composite video.

3 RCA Component Video

3 RCA Component Video  

Used primarily in Home Theatre applications for the transmission of the Left Audio channel, Right Audio channel and Video picture signal. It is also used increasingly for the transmission of Component or RGB Video, so called because the video picture signal is separately transmitted in its three component colours of red, greenand blue. This format is included in many new equipment formats including DVD, Satellite and Plasma and Projection Colour TVs. The format delivers increased colour resolution with more detail and realism than is possible with conventional S-Video or Composite Video connections.


S-Video   S-Video

Used for Video picture applications. The S-Video format is an improvement on single RCA Composite Video transmission. It separates the chrominance (colour) and the luminance (brightness) ensuring there is lesschance of interference between the two signals. It thereby ensures better picture quality with little chance of colour ‘bleeding’.


DVI Male   DVI

Digital Visual Interface. Connection standard developed by Intel for connecting computers to digital monitors such as flat panels and DLP projectors. A consumer electronics version, not necessarily compatible with the PC version, is used as a connection standard for HDTV tuners and displays. Transmits an uncompressed digital signal to the display. The latter version uses HDCP copy protection to prevent unauthorized copying.




A high-speed serial interface, capable of transmitting standard, enhanced, or high-definition video. The standard supports tranmissions of up to 2.2 gigabits per second and resolutions up to 1920x1080p at 30Hz. All data is sent uncompressed, to minimize additional artifacts from recompression. Audio signals may also be included, and up to eight channels of 192KHz audio is supported. The connector is more compact as well, resembling a USB connector to some degree. The basis for HDMI is High Bandwidth Digital Content Protection (HDCP) and the core technology of DVI. HDCP is an Intel specification used to protect digital content transmitted and received by DVI-compliant displays. HDMI is backward compatible with DVI, as the DVI device will simply ignore the extra data.


Firewire 6 Pin

Firewire 6 Pin  

An interface standard adopted by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers for very fast (400 megabits per second) digital data transfer, especially of streaming video. Also called FireWire (Apple Computer's trademarked name) and i.Link. In A/V applications, tiny but robust 1394 connectors have so far been used mostly for digital camcorder outputs, but they will become extremely important in computer controlled home entertainment or communication or appliance networks.


USB Type A  

Universal Serial Bus. This is a standard for connecting peripherals to computers including low-bandwidth digital still and video cameras. USB supports low and medium-bandwidth peripherals. There are at least two versions of the USB standard: USB 1.0 and USB 2.0. USB is managed by the Universal Serial Bus Implementers Forum, Inc. (USB-IF), a non-profit corporation founded by the group of corporations that developed the USB specification.



6 RCA Audio / Video  

A highly versatile configuration originally pioneered by IXOS®. It is most commonly used for Dolby Digital™ solutions, consisting of 6 separate channels of audio - Left Front, Centre, Right Front, Right Rear, Left Rear,and Subwoofer. The extensive versatility of this configuration means that it has a wide variety of Home Theatre applications for both audio and video.


5 BNC RBG Video

5 BNC RBG Video  

A studio grade connector for ultra-high performance Video and Digital connections. It is a mechanically superior connector primarily being used in professional equipment including Projectors and DVD players as well as installations.



2 XLR Male  

A very robust, three-pin locking connector widely used in professional audio; also called a Cannon connector after one of its most prominent original manufacturers. In analog applications, particularly in some high-end consumer audio equipment, XLR connectors are used with balanced lines for optimal interference rejection. The pins in an XLR connector usually "point" in the direction of signal flow.

Mini Toslink

Mini Toslink  

An alternative form of optical connection. Typically found in portable devices such as Mini Disc players and some CD-R Digital Recorders.